Mobeetie’s early day leading citizens.

Picture of the "Founding Fathers"

Pictured in the photo left to right:
Top row:        Joe Mason, G W. "Cap" Arrington, Cape Willingham
Bottom row:  N. F. "Newt" Locke, Emanuel Dubbs, Johnnie Long


Emanuel Dubbs was the first County Judge in the Texas Panhandle, and served Wheeler County as judge for eleven years. Born on a farm near New Franklin, Ohio on March 1, 1843, Dubbs was a Civil War hero. After the war he went into the lumber business in Indiana until he was burned out with no insurance. He and his wife headed west to hunt buffalo where he was involved in the Indian Wars during the time of Adobe Walls. He came to Wheeler County in 1878 and "nested" in a valley nine miles east of Fort Elliott. He built a home from cottonwood logs as well as the furniture in the cabin. When the county organized in 1879 he was elected to the office of County Judge. The first court sessions were held in a former saloon when Dubbs came to town to sell milk, butter, and vegetables to Fort Elliott and the town people of Mobeetie.


J. J. "Johnnie" Long was one of the Panhandle’s outstanding citizens. A teamster with the United States Army, he was with Custer in 1873 on the Yellowstone Expedition, Nelson A. Miles in the Red River War of 1874, and Mackenzie in Colorado during the Ute uprising. While at Fort Elliott he was the teamster sent to cut cedars at Antelope Hills, Indian Territory from which the flagpole was constructed. When the fort was abandoned, he purchased the pole for $7.50 and raised it in front of his store in Mobeetie where he was a banker and merchant. He also built and operated the first cotton gin in the Panhandle.
Interview with Olive King Dixon
Fort Worth Star Telegram
Sunday, February 23, 1936


Cap Arrington served as Wheeler County Sheriff for eight years. Born December 23, 1844 in Alabama, he died March 31, 1923. His real name was John Cromwell Orrick, Jr. He changed his name to George Washington Arrington during the Civil War where he was a daring scout in Colonel Mosby’s Command. He was also Captain of Company C of the Texas Rangers before settling in Wheeler County. His jurisdiction as sheriff covered the entire Texas Panhandle where he was instrumental in bringing law and order.